Journal of Academic Perspectives
Journal of Academic Perspectives

Volume 2016 No 4

Governance of Immigration in Increasingly Divided Societies: Empirical Evidence and Policy Proposals

Salvatore Villani and Giorgio Liotti, University of Naples Federico II, Italy

 

Iterations of the Divine:  The Pursuit of Sacred Personhood in West African Spirituality

Monika Brodnicka, The Ohio State University, US

 

Faith Battling Fear: U.S. Military Chaplains and the Regulation of Fear during World War II

Andrew R. Polk, Middle Tennessee State University, US

 

Women’s Equality in Families, in the Labor Market and in Management in Poland in Young People’s Opinions – Assessment of the Current Situation and Perspectives

Teresa Kupczyk, Aneta Szymańska and Joanna Kubicka, Wyższa Szkoła Handlowa, University of Business in Wroclaw, Poland

 

Ajar Shells and Hidden Dragons—Chinese Women’s Strategies of Talent Readjustment in Late Imperial China (1550-1850)

Peng Cheng, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong

 

Creating Authentic Connections with High School Students: A Classroom Teacher Generated Algorithm

Kenneth Lloyd Reimer, University of Manitoba, Canada

 

The Fall of Man and the Ascent of the Human: Aronofsky’s Noah and the Rise of Human Consciousness

Frederick L. Downing, Valdosta State University, US and Jonathan W. Downing, Screaming Shi-Tzu Productions, US

Governance of Immigration in Increasingly Divided Societies: Empirical Evidence and Policy Proposals

Salvatore Villani and Giorgio Liotti, University of Naples Federico II, Italy

The present paper deals with the issue of the governance of migratory phenomena and the desertification processes of whole regions or macro areas. In particular, it studies the effects of immigration on income inequality, attempting to demonstrate, (through a critical review of the most recent research on the relationship between migration and inequality and an empirical investigation related to the effects of new internal migration in the Italian case), how out-migration can increase income inequalities, thus hindering economic growth and exacerbating regional disparities, while immigration can reduce income inequalities and mitigate economic imbalances, according to the hypothesis of skilled immigration equalising, formulated in 2008 by Kahanec and Zimmermann.
From the analysis of the I
Villani_Liotti.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [529.6 KB]

Iterations of the Divine:  The Pursuit of Sacred Personhood in West African Spirituality

Monika Brodnicka, The Ohio State University, US

Fulani and Bambara ontology based on the statement “the people of the person are multiple in the person” points to, first and foremost, the characteristic multiplicity of human nature, which involves participation of all cosmic forces. For Amadou Hampaté Bâ, this means that the human being in these traditions is never considered as a singular, monolithic unity but, rather, as a plural, complex being in perpetual motion. Yet, the implications of the statement reach far beyond multiplicity. Paradoxically, they reveal the path toward human synthesis. As an interior multiplicity, the person is considered unfinished at the beginning, but moving toward completion by way of unification of the manifold selves that constitute the universe. Through this process, the person starts off as a simp
Brodnicka_M.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [431.5 KB]

Faith Battling Fear: U.S. Military Chaplains and the Regulation of Fear during World War II

Andrew R. Polk, Middle Tennessee State University, US

In the years leading up to and immediately after America's entry into the Second World War, the U.S. military was intent on finding a way to control and direct the fear that modern warfare had created. Traditional notions of fear and its regulation were not sufficient to handle soldiers' reactions to modern, long-distance, mechanized warfare. Although emerging psychological techniques initially proved promising, the realities of war negated their efficacy. In the present essay, I argue that as the war progressed, the U.S. military increasingly allocated the management of soldiers' fears to the only group that seemed capable of alleviating it: military chaplains.
Through research in military archives, soldier's oral histories, and published documents, this paper explores the nature and func
Polk _A.doc.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [421.2 KB]

Women’s Equality in Families, in the Labor Market and in Management in Poland in Young People’s Opinions – Assessment of the Current Situation and Perspectives

Teresa Kupczyk, Aneta Szymańska and Joanna Kubicka, Wyższa Szkoła Handlowa, University of Business in Wroclaw, Poland

The work presents the result of a questionnaire study of 1008 pupils of secondary schools (post-gymnasium level) located in Poland. The purpose of the research was to determine young people's perception of gender inequality and stereotypical roles of men and women in family life, in the labor market and management in Poland. The research was conducted so as to allow for a data analysis considering the young respondents' sex and place of residence (countryside, towns, cities). The comparative analysis of girls' and boys' awareness of gender inequality was performed with the statistical IBM SPSS software package. T-student analysis for two independent groups and single-factor ANOVA were applied for comparisons concerning place of residence.
It turned out that the respondents were not fully
Kupczyk_Szymańska_Kubicka.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [422.5 KB]

Ajar Shells and Hidden Dragons—Chinese Women’s Strategies of Talent Readjustment in Late Imperial China (1550-1850)

Peng Cheng, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Hong Kong

This article employs the life trajectories and the literary works of two erudite ladies, Wu Zao (1799-1862) and Gu Ruopu (1592-1861), in late Imperial China (1550-1850) to present the origin of the combination of women’s literary pursuits, feminist influence, and sentiments of nationalism. By analysing features in the literary productions, domestic arrangements, and social impacts of two educated women, this article argues that the birth of the connection between feminist power and patriotist emotion remained implicit from 1550 to 1850 due to some strategies deliberately adopted by the talented female literati to layer their genuine concerns. However, their radical intents and hidden sentiments were revealed explicitly in their poetries or play scripts, for they created virtual feminist
Peng_C.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [547.9 KB]

Creating Authentic Connections with High School Students: A Classroom Teacher Generated Algorithm

Kenneth Lloyd Reimer, University of Manitoba, Canada

It is a continuous challenge for Manitoba (Canada) educators to reduce drop-out rates and increase graduation rates. Reasons for dropping out appear to resemble a "perfect storm" of sociological, socioeconomic, cultural, behavioural, and academic factors. The purpose of this study was to seek out Manitoba high school classroom teachers, invite them to participate in a think tank, and capture their voices to better understand what makes them successful at helping adolescents stay in school and graduate. While the participants (n=9) indicated many challenges to connecting with students, they unanimously agreed that connecting with their students was an essential element of student success – especially for those deemed at-risk. When asked to specify how they connected with at-risk youth, te
Reimer_K.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [608.6 KB]

The Fall of Man and the Ascent of the Human: Aronofsky’s Noah and the Rise of Human Consciousness

Frederick L. Downing, Valdosta State University, US and Jonathan W. Downing, Screaming Shi-Tzu Productions, US

The year 2014 was unofficially declared “the year of the Bible” in Hollywood because of the number of biblical films that were released. Darren Aronofsky’s “Noah” was one of the modern blockbusters mined from the biblical text. As such, the film is comprised of a diverse collection of elements: part biblical epic with an inventive retelling of the early history of the universe, part legend, mythology, modern allegory, or parable, all mixed with Aronofsky’s autobiography. In the end, there is much that is enigmatic. It is no wonder that some Christians, Jews, and Muslims find this artistic interpretation with its departure from a literal reading quite controversial. The thesis of this essay, however, is that the film can be “read” (understood) as a cinematic midrash which pu
Downing_Downing.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [416.9 KB]

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