Journal of Academic Perspectives
Journal of Academic Perspectives

Volume 2017 No 3

Migration in Rural Mexico​: Strategic Interactions, Dynamic Behavior, and the Environment

Ruben Irvin Rojas Valdes, Ph.D. Student, University of California at Davis C.-Y. Cynthia Lin Lawell, Associate Professor, Cornell University and J. Edward Taylor, Professor, University of California at Davis, US


Fathoming the Depths of Environmental Governance: Forms of Participation of a Community-Based System in The Arctic

Margherita Paola Poto, Postdoctoral Researcher, Jebsen Center for the Law of the Sea, Norway and Lara Fornabaio, Graduate Student, University of Ferrara, Italy


The American Jewish Response to Christian Clergy Advocating for Persecuted Jews and Christians in the Soviet Union, 1972-1976

Fred A. Lazin Professor Emeritus, Ben Gurion University, Israel


John Davenant, a Champion of the ‘Via Media’ at the Synod of Dort?

Hyo Ju Kang Postgraduate Student, Highland Theological College, Scotland


Lessons on Tolerance from the Ancient World

John Gee Professor, Brigham Young University, US


Beyond the Visual Experience: Comprehending Parallel Realities.

Ilaria Brancatelli,Lecturer, University Centre St Helens, UK


Unionization in Higher Education: A Scoping Review of the Literature and Suggestions for Future Research

Samuel Snideman, Doctoral Student and Thalia M. Mulvihill, Professor, Ball State University, US

An Analytical Study of Nomadic Education and Culture Among the Fulanis in West Africa

Kemoh Salia-Bao, Visiting Professor, Cambridge College, US



The Concept of Soul in a Sūfi-Yogi Dialogue of 17th Century India

Perwaiz Hayat, Lecturer, Concordia University, Canada

Migration in Rural Mexico: Strategic Interactions, Dynamic Behavior, and the Environment
Understanding international migration is important from both an economic and policy perspective. In this paper, we add to the literature on the determinants of migration by proposing a methodological framework that incorporates strategic interactions and dynamic behavior and use this framework to examine the effects of the environment on migration decisions and welfare. In particular, we apply a structural econometric model of the dynamic game between households in a village making decisions about migration to detailed household-level data from rural Mexico. The structural econometric model enables us to examine how environmental factors such as changes in precipitation affect the migration decisions of households. We use the parameters we estimate to simulate the effects of counterfactual
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Fathoming the Depths of Environmental Governance: Forms of Participation of A Community-Based System In The Arctic
The paper will investigate the dynamics of an environmental global governance perspective, where the recognition of cross-border needs (environmental protection, human rights’ protection) contributes to the creation of a community framework that fulfills safety and related needs, as well as encourages pro-community behaviours. The case study will focus on the different participatory tools that have been promoting a strengthening sense of an “Arctic community.” 1. The recognition of the Permanent Participants Status to non-State actors in the Arctic Council decisions; 2. The participation in the environmental decisions (with a focus on the EIAs) of the public and in particular of the indigenous groups potentially affected by the outcome of the environmentally-related administrative de
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The American Jewish response to Christian clergy advocating for persecuted Jews and Christians in the Soviet Union, 1972-1976
The proposed paper is a case study of the National Interreligious Task Force on Soviet Jewry (Task Force) established in 1971 by the National Catholic Conference for Interracial Justice (NCCIJ) and the American Jewish Committee. It sought Christian support for the effort to end the cultural and religious persecution of Jews in the Soviet Union. Sister Ann Gillen directed the Task Force from 1971 through 1988.
In advocating for Soviet Jews Task Force leaders became aware of Christians (Catholics, Adventists, Baptists) being persecuted in the Soviet Union. The Task Force took up their struggle for religious freedom. This conflicted with the position held by mainstream American Jewish advocacy groups who followed the Israeli policy of focusing exclusively on Soviet Jews. Israel’s Liaison Bu
Lazin edt.pdf
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John Davenant, a Champion of the ‘Via Media’ at the Synod of Dort?
This paper is a study of the theology of an Anglican bishop, John Davenant (1572-1641), in the context of the early modern era. In particular it will focus on his understanding of the extent and intent of the atoning death of Christ. Davenant played an important role in the development of early orthodox Reformed theology, especially on this controversial doctrine. It has been argued that Davenant’s position, together with other British delegates, was a “via media” between the Contra-Remonstrants and the Remonstrants at the Synod of Dort. The contention is that within the seventeenth century Reformed tradition Davenant’s understanding of the decree of God, the atonement of Christ and the offer of the gospel were the main factors that developed his own version of hypothetical univers
Hyo Ju Kang edt.pdf
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Lessons on Tolerance from the Ancient World
Talk about tolerance has increased in recent years. In English the frequency of the usage of the term “tolerance” has increased five-fold in the last century. While tolerance is still pursued as a desirable goal, it seems no closer to achievement in practice. In part that is because there is some disagreement about what tolerance is. This paper will examine three illustrations pertaining to tolerance from ancient Egypt: The Tod Inscription of Sesostris I, P. BM EA 10508, and P. Oxyrhynchus 3929. Jan Assmann has put forward the thesis that monotheistic religions tend toward intolerance and are the root of religious violence. The Sesostris Inscription illustrates the validity of his thesis. P. BM EA 10508 illustrates tolerance in a political situation. P. Oxyrhynchus 3929 helps show the
Gee edt.pdf
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Beyond the Visual Experience: Comprehending Parallel Realities
There is evidence of the anthropological enterprise being an eye-opening endeavour in itself, telling stories of the human existence with its intrinsic beauty and inherent evocative message. Visual anthropology as technology enhancer can heighten the narrative, being able to guide the viewer past the optical involvement by transporting the mind in a territory of near virtual reality, not available otherwise. This study contemplates the use of the visual perception instrument in the classroom as a conveyor of simulated alternative actualities, potentially representing a powerful facilitator of empathy towards human diversity and related agency array.
Ethnographic research findings, corroborated by cognitive and psychological studies, suggest that the visual catalyst, employed as a tool in a
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Unionization in Higher Education: A Scoping Review of the Literature and Suggestions for Future Research
Union membership has been in decline in the United States for several decades. According to figures from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, roughly 11% of American workers belong to a union, down from 20% when the data were first collected in 1983 (2016). Among the public-sector workers are educators, and while educators broadly, in all categories, have some of the highest rates of unionization of any profession, unionization has been less-universal within the colleges and universities in the United States. This category of educators has a unique history of unionization and is worthy of renewed examination within the current context of higher education politics. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to conduct a scoping literature review
(Mays, Roberts & Popay, 2001; Arksey and O’Malley
Snideman Mulvihill.edt.pdf
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An Analytical Study of Nomadic Education and Culture Among the Fulanis in West Africa
It is estimated by researchers within and outside West Africa that there are about twelve million Fulani Nomads in West Africa. The Fulani nomads are the largest nomadic group in the world. Nomadism is defined as any group that does not have a static home—non-stationary or sedentary. There are three categories of Nomadic groups in West Africa: 1) Hunter/Food Gatherers, 2) Itinerant Fishermen, 3) and Pastoralists (cattle and/or sheep farmers). This analytic study is focused on the nomadic pastoralist also called Nomadic Fulanis, the dominant group found in most West African countries. The Fulani—who originated in North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa—have a political and economic force in the region. The Fulani are primarily nomadic herders and traders that move from country to country
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The Concept of Soul in a Sūfi-Yogi Dialogue of 17th Century India
The present paper focuses on the subject of soul and is based on the text traditionally known as Su’āl va Javāb – a transcript of an intellectual discussion between the Mughal crown prince Dārā Shikōh and a Hindu Yogi Lāl Dās during the 17th C.E.century. Though neither written nor compiled by Dārā himself, Su’āl va Javāb stands as a unique work. It is unique in the sense that never before under the Mughals had such an exercise been undertaken purely for the sake of gaining knowledge. This study is based on various manuscripts of the text – specifically on the manuscript, C identified as Su’āl va javāb Dārā Shikōh va Bābā Lāl Dās, in manuscript Or. 1883, India Office Library Collection, British Library and a few secondary sources available.
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