Journal of Academic Perspectives
Journal of Academic Perspectives

Volume 2018 no 1

U.S. Mediation Efforts in the Middle East: A Moral Religious Basis or a Set of Underlying Forces?

Sana Zirari, Ph. D Student, University of Medea, and Foued Djemai, Professor, University of Algiers 2- Algeria

Zirari and Djemai
This paper gives insight into United States foreign policy in the context of international relations in recent decades when the country embraced the role of the world hegemon. It tackles the issue of the U.S. use of the religious justification in the course of its mediation efforts in the Middle East. To this end, U.S. diplomatic efforts as a peace broker in the Palestinian/ Israeli conflict has been chosen as a case in point. More specifically, the study examines the extent to which the shared imperial culture and the claimed religious exceptionality of both American and Jewish races have shaped the U.S. bias to and extraordinary generosity with the Jewish, as opposed to calculations of national interests.

This work is, then, intended to offer a framework of understanding and reconstruc
Zirari and Djemai.pdf
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The Social Determinants of Migrant Health: A Framework to Integrate Migrant Health into Strategies to Reduce Health Inequalities

Flavia Sesti, Ph. D Student, Italian National Institute for Health, Migration and Poverty, Italy and Ruth Bell, Senior Research Fellow, UCL Institute of Health Equity, UK

Sesti and Bell
Health is determined to a large extent by social, economic and environmental conditions. The same factors are strong drivers for migration patterns. Migrant numbers have increased markedly in recent years. However, migrants often experience worse living and working conditions in comparison to the host population. In recognising the challenge to bridge this divide, our approach is to apply a framework of action developed to tackle health inequalities through action on the social determinants of health to promote policies to address inequalities affecting migrants. It is not possible to define a unique profile of migrant health because each community shows particular health outcomes, but some health effects are common among migrants, and they follow the life course. Being a migrant and havin
Sesti and Bell.pdf
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Gender Differences in Retention of Information Shown in Science Video to Adolescents from Mexico

Susana Alicia Alaniz-Alvarez,Yuria Cruz-Alaniz and Angel Francisco Nieto-Samaniego, The National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico

Alaniz-Alvarez, Cruz-Alaniz and Nieto-Samaniego
In this paper, adolescent gender differences in the interest in a non-fictional video about continental drift are presented. The study was based on students from 7th to 9th grade, from secondary public schools. A binary logistic regression model was used to compare how much information adolescents could retain immediately after seeing the video (hereinafter referred to as short-term retention), and 2-4 weeks later (hereinafter referred to as medium-term retention). This information is compared to results from international assessment tests. Our results show that girls perform significantly better in the short-term retention than boys in 7th grade (during the entry to puberty of boys), but performed equal to boys in 9th grade. Boys were observed not to have been paying attention when showin
Alaniz-Alvarez^J Cruz-Alaniz and Nieto-S[...]
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The Impact of a Professional Development Model on Teacher Implementation of Culturally Responsive Teaching

Elsa Anderson, Associate Professor, and Lisa Dryden, Professor, Texas Wesleyan University, US

Anderson and Dryden
This article draws on data from a three-year qualitative research study that examined the influence of professional development on teachers’ implementation of culturally responsive teaching. The authors developed an instructional model, “Bridging Academic and Social Experiences” (BASE), and provided professional development for content area teachers on its implementation. The BASE model of instruction addresses ethnic and linguistic diversity through the appreciation of maintaining students’ social language while extending it to their academic language.

Classroom observations, surveys, and teacher interviews revealed evidence of positive changes in teachers’ beliefs and attitudes toward culturally and linguistically diverse students. Over the three-year period, there was a
Anderson and Dryden.pdf
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The Use of Portfolio in the Field of School-Based Professional Experience

Moza Abdullah Al-Malki, Lecturer at Rustaq-College of Education, Oman

Al-Malki
Portfolio’s use as a way of assessing classroom performance of pre-service teachers is a new trend in the field of school-based professional experience. It is of value then to investigate how stakeholders namely pre-service teachers, cooperating teachers and university supervisors who are involved in this field experience the phenomenon of portfolio’s use.
Al-Malki.pdf
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Marital Rape in the Indian Society

Aditi Thakur, Student, National Law Institute, India

Thakur
It appears that, from the moment of human interaction and language, and its implicit category making of social divisions, women have always been associated with the private, and men with the public. Due to the state’s reluctance to interfere in the private sphere, violence in the home goes unchecked. The genesis of the issue of marital rape is deeply embedded in the public-private dichotomy. Marital rape is a prevalent form of intimate violence that involves a conscious process of intimidation and assertion of a man’s superiority over women, thus leading to women’s oppression. Despite the Justice Verma committee, which was constituted to reform anti-rape laws, unequivocally stating that the relationship between the victim/survivor and the accused is irrelevant to the act of sexual as
Thakur.pdf
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The Importance of Religion in the Life of the Indus Man

Sarah Umer, Assistant Professor, Lahore College for Women University, Pakistan

Umer
The religious ideologies of the Indus people are one of the most complex and least understood aspects of this civilization in the absence of any decipherable written text. Over the years since the discovery of Indus civilization, scholars from around the world have scarily touched the subject and out of those who did have mostly linked it with the later religions of the land; Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism.
This paper is an attempt to make the world realize the importance of religion in the life of the Indus man, of how he evolved around it and to which extent he grew because of it. And the only way to understand the religious ideologies of the Indus man is to study the lifestyle that he has left behind in the form of architecture, artefacts, objects of daily use, etc. Their architecture
Umer.pdf
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God and the Dystopias

Pedro Erik Carneiro, Professor, University of Brasilia, Brazil

Carneiro
Dystopia means a frightening society. In this article, first, I searched for God in four dystopias, exalted by their prophecies, written by four renowned authors: Robert Benson (Lord of the World), Aldous Huxley (Brave New World), George Orwell (Nineteen Eighty-Four) and Boualem Sansal (2084: The End of the World). Their novels reflect their beliefs. The first three dystopias repudiated God, but God is omnipresent in the last one. Benson, a Catholic priest, gave rise to a world supreme leader who abolished the Christian God in the name of the Humanity worship. Huxley, probably a pantheist, told us about two worlds. In the first, God is seen as unnatural and eliminated by conditioning. In the other one, there is a mix of theologically empty gods. Orwell was an atheist. There is no God at al
Carneiro.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [362.9 KB]
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